When speaking about ancient Russian art, we traditionally divide it into a number of periods. The first period of ancient Russian art, including jewellery art, is the period before the Mongol invasion – starting from the adoption of Christianity by the Byzantine Empire until the beginning of the Mongol invasion. What was the most typical for that period? Undoubtedly, all kind of Byzantine influences, as the Slavic culture was influenced by the Christian iconography. Craftsmen coming from the Byzantine Empire brought some new techniques and new forms that inspired jewellery art as well.
This suggests, of course, that Russia began to regard itself as a powerful, strong state, which, in fact, it was. On the other hand, with regard to the 17th century we can already talk about European influences. But of course, the era of Peter the Great was a turning point for Russia in this respect.