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The Genre Directory: Types of Voice Over Work.

Wondering what kinds of voice over work exist?
Voice over is a vast and diverse industry – with numerous genres. And casting teams often seek voice actors who are experienced in certain genres.

Select a VO genre, or scroll below – for demo and marketing ideas!

Here's the list...

 

Oh, did we forget something?
Please send any suggestions to [email protected]!

 

ADR

Notes

ADR stands for Additional Dialogue Replacement aka Automated Dialogue Replacement.  It is voice over that replaces previously-recorded voice recordings. It’s commonly used when the original voice recording that was captured during filming was suboptimal; for example, the original recording may have been unclear, or had noise in the background.

Types of work

  • Looping
  • Replacing recorded dialogue
  • Localization

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Animation

About

Voices for Animation give life and personality to characters that are either physically or graphically illustrated.

Types of work

  • Cartoons
  • Children’s apps
  • Animated productions
  • Video games
  • Talking toys
  • Educational videos/programming
  • Foley (a.k.a. human vocal sound effects, such as gasps, moans, grunts, breaths)

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Application Software

About

Application software – apps – narration is voice over for software and systems relating to the operation of the computers and software.

Types of work

  • Apps (exercise, games, educational, translation, mediation, relaxation…)
  • Virtual reality (guided voice, characters…)
  • Software (programs, tutorials…)

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Audio Description

About

Used to aid the visually-impaired by describing various exhibits and programs in real time.

Types of work

  • Film and TV 
  • Live Performance
  • Museum and Art Gallery
  • Educational Material

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Audio Drama

About

Fictional stories told through a strictly auditory medium. These predate television in the form of radio plays, and now can be found online and in podcasts.

Types of work

  • Broadcast
  • Non-broadcast
  • Podcast shows

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Audio Guides

About

Supplemental recorded material to provide context, information, and depth to an exhibit or experience.

Types of work

  • Self-guided tours (museum exhibits, breweries, parks…)
  • Tourist attractions
  • Walking tours
  • Driving tours
  • Accessibility guides
  • Language assistance

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Audiobooks

About

Published material that has been adapted into audio-only format, requiring storytelling chops and stamina. For the visually-impaired, or simply an alternative way to take in a published work.

Types of work

Common fiction genres:
-Romance and erotica novels
-Adventure
-Thriller/horror/suspense
-Detective and mystery
-Science fiction
-Fantasy
-Historical fiction
-Young adult
-Children’s fiction
-Classics and best-sellers

Common non-fiction genres:
-Historical
-Politics/social sciences
-Sports
-True crime
-Biographies, autobiographies, memoirs, manifestos
-Religion/spirituality
-Travel guides/travelogues
-Self help/motivation
-Instructional/academic/educational
-Business/economics/entrepreneurial
-Personal finance
-Scientific/medical
-Philosophy
-Comedy/Humor
-Health and wellness
-Exercise/diet/cookbooks
-Journalism
-Young readers
-Language books

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Commercial

About

A call-to-action to purchase, employ, donate, or otherwise engage with a product, service, or charity.

Types of work

  • Radio
  • Television
  • Internet ads
  • YouTube ads
  • Infomercials
  • Public Service Announcements (PSAs)
  • Sponsor messages
  • In-store ads

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Corporate 

About

Previously known as Industrial Voice Over work, Corporate voice over is one of the most abundant types of work in Narration-style voice over, including internal and external projects for a wide array of businesses.

Types of work

  • Sales videos
  • Training videos & Tutorials
  • Presentations
  • Compliance videos
  • Safety information videos
  • Employee information videos
  • Welcome to our company videos
  • HR videos
  • Brand statements
  • Company culture videos
  • Testimonial videos
  • FAQ videos
  • Recruitment videos
  • Fundraising videos / Investor Relations videos

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Dubbing

About

Used to translate and adapt voice over from one language into another. Requires specialized skill in lip syncing and matching energy to visuals within strict time constraints.

Types of work

  • Film
  • Educational tutorials
  • Video games
  • Television shows
  • Animated productions
  • Sound-alike
  • International films and TV

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

eLearning

About

Educational material that includes interactive and audible elements. 

Types of work

  • Safety videos (fire safety, disaster preparedness, occupational safety, HIPAA,…)
  • Sexual harassment training
  • Workplace violence
  • Antidiscrimination and diversity training
  • Compliance employee training
  • How-to Videos
  • Tutorials
  • Standardized testing
  • Simulation training
  • Academic E-lessons
  • Virtual classrooms
  • LL (Language Learning)
  • ELL (English Language Learning)
  • ESL (English as a Second Language)
  • Self-study software
  • Mobile learning
  • Social learning
  • Game-based learning
  • Professional Certification
  • CE (Continuing Education)
  • CLE (Continuing Legal Education)
  • CME (Continuing Medical Education)

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Explainer

About

A short film that aims to communicate how something works, or who/what something is, in a simple and engaging way.

Types of work

  • Motion graphic animation
  • Whiteboard animation videos
  • Live action
  • Stop action
  • Screencast
  • Marketing/sales videos
  • Company/individual profile videos

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

In-Show Narration

About

Voice over that provides information, context, description, and engagement in a television program.

Types of work

  • Documentaries
  • Crime shows
  • Docu-series
  • Reality TV
  • DIY shows
  • How-to shows
  • Network television events
  • Game shows
  • Cooking shows

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Live Announce

About

Also commonly referred to as the “Voice of God,” this type of performance occurs in-person in front of a live audience.

Types of work

  • Commencement ceremonies
  • Speaker introductions
  • Audience announcements
  • Live exhibit announcements
  • Live conference presentations
  • Transportation terminal messages
  • Exhibit hall openings
  • Award shows (intros, segues, outros)
  • Church announcements
  • Daily weather updates
  • Daily movies
  • Sporting event announcements

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Medical & Pharmaceutical

About

Media created for the medical and pharmaceutical industry requires a certain proficiency with enunciation, complex terminology, and clear, clean vocals.

Types of work

  • Medical eLearning
  • CME (Continuing Medical Education)
  • Pharma sales presentations
  • ‘What to expect’ videos
  • Medical procedure videos
  • Clinical testing videos

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Podcasts

About

An ever-expanding genre of media that incorporates a vast array of subgenres in its own right. Nonfiction, interviews, educational shows, fictional story tellers, and even other genres of voice over cross over here.

Types of work

  • Introductions
  • Segues
  • Outros (closings)
  • Sponsorship ads
  • Interviews
  • Scripted

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Political

About

Whether they be announcements or PSAs from the government, or perhaps campaign advertisements, the political world of VO requires strong presence and clarity.

Types of work

  • Campaign ads
  • Rally presentations
  • Educational videos

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Promos, Trailers, & Imaging

About

These are advertisements or announcements specifically to plug premiere dates, radio stations, television stations, or events coming up.

Types of work

  • Social media promos
  • Radio sweepers
  • Radio promos
  • Station imaging
  • Television shows
  • Book launches
  • Exhibit openings
  • Event opening
  • Trailers (movies and video games)

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Telephony & IVR

About

Telephony is narration used for pre-recorded telephone messaging systems.

Note that “telephony” is the real name of this genre. However in the last few years, the term “IVR” has been used synonymously, even though IVR is only one (of many) types of telephony.

Types of work

  • IVR (Interactive voice response)
  • Information on-hold
  • Menu-prompts
  • Voicemail
  • Auto-attendant
  • Robocalls
  • Surveys

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Video Games

About

Similar to Animation VO, with the distinct difference that characters in video games may often interact with the consumer. Also can be more demanding in terms of non-language foley sounds.

Types of work

  • Narrator
  • Characters
  • Tutorial
  • Foley/Action sounds
  • Educational
  • Role-playing

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

Walla

About

The background crowd vocals in film and television scenes. It gets its name from what it sounds like the crowd is generally saying.

Types of work

  • Background conversation (chatting, talking, murmuring, etc.) for crowd scenes

Learn more from Edge Studio Coaches

For free practice scripts, visit our Practice Script Library.
For average non-union rates, visit our Non-Union Rate Card.

 

Please add to this list!

The demand for voice actors is growing, and so too are the types of ways voice over is being used. So help us stay up-to-date! If you have any information, genres, or subgenres (or any questions about what’s listed), send an email to [email protected] with the subject line “For the Genre list.”